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What is Paradigm?

At its core, a paradigm serves as a conceptual framework that guides thought processes and influences decision-making within a particular field or context. It encompasses the collective worldview, shared values, and accepted methodologies that define the boundaries of understanding within a community of practitioners. Paradigms are not static; they evolve over time as new discoveries, technological advancements, and shifts in societal perspectives challenge existing norms. The adoption of a new paradigm often involves a transformative process that requires individuals to reevaluate established ideas, discard outdated practices, and embrace innovative concepts.

In the realm of science, for instance, the transition from one scientific paradigm to another, as described by Thomas Kuhn in his seminal work "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions," involves a radical shift in how scientists perceive and approach their subject matter. A phase of crisis marks it, where anomalies and inconsistencies within the existing paradigm become increasingly apparent. Accordingly, this prompts a scientific community to explore alternative frameworks. This process of paradigm shift extends beyond scientific disciplines to various domains, including philosophy, culture, and societal norms. It reflects the dynamic nature of human cognition and collective understanding. In essence, paradigms serve as intellectual scaffolding that both structures and constrains our comprehension of the world, shaping the way we interpret information, formulate hypotheses, and navigate the complexities of our surroundings.